Dong Fang International Containers
Dong Fang International Containers

Classification of Ocean Freight Containers by Purpose of Use

Ordinary Container

The ordinary container, also known as the dry container, is mainly used for shipping miscellaneous goods. It is usually used for shipping cultural supplies, daily necessities, medicine, textiles, handicrafts, chemicals, hardware, electrical appliances, electronic machinery, instruments, and machine parts, accounting for 70-80% of the total number of containers. Except for refrigerated goods, live animals, and plants, any goods that are suitable for container transport by size and weight can be shipped in dry containers.

Frozen Shipping Container

Frozen shipping containers come in two types: external and internal. They can adjust the temperature between -60℃ and +30℃. The internal container can start the refrigerating machine during transportation to maintain the specified temperature, while the external container must rely on the refrigerating machine equipped on the container-specific vehicles, ships, specialized yards, and stations to refrigerate. This kind of container is suitable for shipping butter, chocolate, frozen fish, condensed milk, margarine, and other items in summer.

Open Top Shipping Container

The open top shipping container, also known as the open-top cabinet, has no top but has a canvas, plastic, or coated cloth tarpaulin supported by a foldable top beam. It can use a crane to load and unload goods from the top, and the top can be opened or have no fixed top surface. When shipping, the top is covered with waterproof cloth, and its water-tightness requirements are the same as that of dry containers. It is suitable for loading heavy goods such as glass plates, steel products, and machinery.

Open Frame Shipping Container

The open frame shipping container has no top and sides. The cargo is loaded and unloaded from the side of the container. It is mainly used for carrying overweight cargoes, livestock, and bare cargoes such as steel that can be exempted from external packaging. It is also convenient for hoisting large, super wide, and super high cargoes.

Livestock Container

The livestock container has a metal mesh on the side and good ventilation, and is easy to feed. It is a special container designed for transporting live animals such as cattle and horses.

Tank Container

The tank container, also known as the liquid container, is a special container designed for transporting liquid goods such as food, medicine, and chemicals. Its structure is to fix a liquid tank in a metal frame. The international standard tank is a stainless steel pressure vessel installed in an external frame. The inner liner of most tank containers is made of 316 stainless steel, and most of the containers have steam or electric heating devices, inert gas protection devices, pressure relief devices, and other optional equipment needed for fluid transportation and handling.

Platform Container

The platform container is similar in shape to a railway flat car and has a high load-bearing bottom plate without an upper structure. It is suitable for loading overweight and oversized goods, with a length of up to 6 meters, a width of up to 4 meters, a height of about 4.5 meters, and a weight of up to 40 tons. Two flat containers can be connected to carry 80 tons of goods, making it extremely convenient to transport cars in this type of container.

Ventilated Container

The ventilated ocean freight container has 4-6 ventilation holes in the wall, with a plastic layer on the inner wall. It is suitable for loading heat- and humidity-sensitive goods such as fresh vegetables and fruits.